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The Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges (FEAS) was established on 16 May 1995 in Istanbul with 12 founding members. Currently there are 33 members, 11 affiliate members, 3 observers and 4 bilateral members including post trade institutions, dealers associations and regional federations from 30 countries.
Need for a Regional Association
Due to the ripple effect of the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the Soviet Union begun disintegrating in the following months. So was Yugoslavia. Countries in the Eastern Bloc embraced liberal and sovereign policies. This trend followed a market-oriented approach in economic policies as it led to creating or restructuring stock exchanges in these countries.
The mushrooming of stock exchanges came with some strings attached which inferred lack of adequate knowledge on how to properly run a marketplace. There was an immediate need of obtaining professional knowledge towards exchange of information and bilateral projects. The most convenient way by then to integrate into a regional or global association to closely interact with other peer exchanges.
However, he European Federation of Securities Exchanges was limiting its membership only to European Union members. The exchanges of the Middle East and Indian subcontinent did not belong to either FIBV (WFE) or a regional federation of their own. This gap paved the way for forming a regional association admitting members from the East and South Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia and the Middle East. 12 stock exchanges in the region created an alliance and gave birth to the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges in 1995. The founders are: Amman Stock Exchange, Bratislava Stock Exchange, Central-Asian Stock Exchange (Kazakhstan), First Bulgaria Stock Exchange, Istanbul Stock Exchange, Karachi Stock Exchange, Ljubljana Stock Exchange, State Commodity Raw Materials Exchange (Turkmenistan), Tehran Stock Exchange, Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, Yerevan Stock Exchange and Zagreb Stock Exchange.
Rules and Regulations and Technology Working Committees were set up. Under such committees, Corporate Governance, Surveillance Operations, Insider Trading task forces were assigned. Trainings and seminars were organized by the Istanbul Stock Exchange. Board members convened in Istanbul.
Macedonia Stock Exchange, Moldova Stock Exchange, Tirana Stock Exchange, Kyrgyz Stock Exchange, Lahore Stock Exchange and Toshkent Republican Stock Exchange were approved as members.
Marketing Committee was established covering marketing strategy/development, annual report/ publications and training programs, with the purpose of increasing the awareness for the region.
BBVB (Baku Interbank Currency Exchange), CASE (Cairo and Alexandria Stock Exchange), Kuwait Stock Exchange and Mongolian Stock Exchange were approved as new members.
Annual meetings and mid-year meetings both took place in Istanbul, Turkey.
The OECD PSD Working Group Meeting on Capital Market Development was held in Istanbul. This group began preparation for a report on institutional and operational requirements for developing domestic capital markets.
Subgroup Meeting of the Stock Exchanges on the SECI Project “Cooperation among Securities Markets” was held in Istanbul.
Mid-year meetings took place in Istanbul and annual meetings in Amman, Jordan.
Under Marketing Committee, it was decided to create a space for advertising on the web page and also have a cd with information about FEAS and its members. FEAS Newsletter was re-designed to include more statistics and provide supplements for special events and quarterly reports.
Georgia Stock Exchange and Palestine Exchange were approved as new members.
Mid-year meetings took place in Istanbul, Turkey and annual meetings in Skopje, Macedonia
The Technology Working Committee held the first IT seminar.
Baku Stock Exchange and Muscat Securities Market were approved as new members.
Both mid-year meetings and annual meetings were conducted in Istanbul.
A brand new website and newsletter are published.
Bilateral Initiatives Project started with Amman Stock Exchange and Zagreb Stock Exchange visiting Istanbul Stock Exchange. Such project enabled a platform for FEAS members to visit another one to exchange information and experience.
Armenian Stock Exchange was approved as new member.
Mid-year meetings took place in Baku, Azerbaijan and annual meetings in Kiev, Ukraine.
A cooperative effort between FEAS and the World Bank was developed to organize high level training for capital market participants in the region.
A complete review and update of the FEAS Rule Book was conducted.
Bucharest Stock Exchange was approved as the new member.
Mid-year meetings took place in Istanbul and annual meetings in Sofia, Bulgaria.
Abu Dhabi Securities Market, Banja Luka Stock Exchange, Belgrade Stock Exchange and Sarajevo Stock Exchange were approved as new members.
Mid-year meetings took place in Istanbul and annual meetings in Zagreb, Croatia
Media Roundtable was organized in Istanbul with the objective of drawing up of a basic draft curriculum to be instructed by a group of trainers at the participating members’ countries.
Joint meetings were organized with OECD on corporate governance.
Bahrain Stock Exchange, Iraq Stock Exchange, Montenegro Stock Exchange, Macedonia Central Securities Depository, Misr for Central Clearing Depository Registry (MCDR) and Istanbul Settlement and Custody Bank (Takasbank) were approved as new members.
Mid-year meetings took place in Tbilisi, Georgia and annual meetings in Shiraz, Iran.
Media Training Programs were organized in Oman, Kyrgyz Republic, Bosnia and Egypt. Corporate Governance Task Force meetings were held in Bucharest and Istanbul.
Affiliate Task Force studied and drafted ‘Global Recommendations and Standards on Clearing and Settlement issues’. Research and Development Task Force was created to create awareness on listing of investment grade equities in the region with emphasis on privatization of large cap businesses on the stock market.
Belarusian Currency and Stock Exchange, Central Securities Depository of Iran and Central Registry Agency of Turkey (MKK) were approved as new members.
Mid-year meetings took place in Chisinau, Moldova and annual meetings in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.
Affiliate Task Force meeting was held in Belgrade and Media Meeting in Istanbul. Dow Jones Indices and FEAS signed a joint marketing agreement.
Rules & Regulations Task Force was established.
SDC Jordan was approved as member.
Mid-year meetings took place in Kiev, Ukraine and annual meetings in Belgrade, Serbia.
A questionnaire for revenue-expense analysis of post trade services was prepared by Takasbank.
New criteria for membership to FEAS was enforced.
Mid-year meetings took place in Baku, Azerbaijan and annual meetings in Abu Dhabi, UAE.
The FEAS/Dow Jones Index was launched. InterFeas magazine was introduced.
Association of Certified Capital Market Professionals (Jordan), Muscat Securities Market Brokers Association, Association of Capital Market Institutions of Turkey, Securities and Exchange Brokers Association Iran (SEBA) were approved as new members.
Mid-year meetings took place in Minsk, Belarus and annual meetings in Budva, Montenegro.
FEAS celebrated the 15th year with an exhibition in Istanbul.
Media Seminar, Environmental and Social Corporate Governance Workshop and UNPRI ESCG Seminar were organized. FEAS Corporate Movie was posted on the website.
Damascus Stock Exchange was approved as a new member.
Mid-year meetings took place in Dead Sea, Jordan and annual meetings in Istanbul.
Mustafa Baltacı took over the helm at the Secretariat from Arıl Seren.
Investable FEAS Blue Chip Index was launched.
Mid-year meetings took place in Ohrid, Macedonia, and annual meetings in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
ETS (Kazakhstan), Turkish Derivatives Exchange, South-Asia Federation of Exchanges (SAFE), Swiss Futures and Options Association (SFOA) and Arab Federation of Exchanges (AFE) were approved as new members.
FEAS Statute was amended substantially to meet the needs of diversifying membership. The new structure defines members in four categories: full, affiliate, associate and bilateral membership.
A regional roadshow and exhibition was organized in Istanbul with the participation of exchanges, brokers and investors. Working Committee mandate was streamlined by dissolving some of the task forces and consolidating some of the projects.
First on-site training which brings selected young professionals from member institutions together for a rigorous two-week program was carried out in Istanbul.
Mid-year meetings were conducted in Istanbul and annual meetings in Sofia, Bulgaria.
Association of Futures Markets was approved as new member.
FEAS has a new logo displaying three regions coming together. The website as well as the statistical database is completely renewed and made user-friendly. Second on-site training program was hosted by Tehran Stock Exchange in Iran.
Investor Relations Task Force, SME Task Force and Surveillance Task Force were established.
Mid-year meetings were conducted in Sarajevo, Bosnia and annual meetings in Muscat, Oman.
Iran Mercantile Exchange, Iran Fara Bourse and African Securities Exchange Association (ASEA) were approved as new members.
Third on-site training was organized in Istanbul.
An investor conference was conducted in London promoting FEAS SEE markets in co-operation with HSBC.
FEAS has new publications: Exchange Handbook, Best Practices for Investment Complaints and Exchange Interrelationships with Brokers.
Observer status for membership was created.
FEAS has a new chairmanship as Borsa Istanbul handed it over to Egyptian Exchange. Mustafa Baltacı was reappointed as the Secretary General.
Mid-year meetings were convened in Tbilisi, Georgia and annual meetings in Zagreb, Croatia.